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EXPOSITION OF THE VORONEZH OCEANIARIUM IN CITY PARK "GRAD"


Entry to the Voronezh Oceanarium
Developing the concept of oceanariums in Moscow and Voronezh, the specialists of “Aqua Logo Engineering” decided not to limit the population of the exposition only to hydrobionts, as is customary in most public aquariums. In our opinion, aviaries and terrariums with terrestrial mammals, birds and reptiles diversify the exposition and clearer show visitors natural biotopes where the inhabitants of land and water coexist in different parts of the world.

Someone may consider zoo in the oceanarium to be superfluous, someone can get even annoyed by it, but not children. Our exploitation experience from Moscow and Voronezh oceanariums shows that children are excited not only by fishes and seals. With great pleasure they try to communicate with monkeys and meerkats, interestedly view raccoons, coatis and flying foxes. The oceanarium is not only entertaining, but also educational leisure place for all visitors, especially for children. We plan to integrate there great scientific and enlightening work in future. Voronezh oceanarium has separate lection room for this aim.

Both oceanariums, in Voronezh and in Moscow, are united by idea of zoning expositions over climatically similar animal habitats. The exposition of Voronezh oceanarium divides to four thematic zones, two of them contain not only aquariums and aquaterrariums, but moreover aviaries for terrestrial animals. These are zones “Forests and steppe” and “Jungle”. Let’s take a walk over the oceanarium.

Scheme of the Voronezh Oceanarium


Схема Океанариума ТРЦ Сити-парк "Град"

Exposition "Forests and steppes"

In front of entrance to first zone “Forests and steppes” there is a cylindrical aquarium (diameter of 2 meters) with knifefishes. This zone introduces visitors to the diversity of freshwater fish in the central part of Russia, as well as to the inhabitants of Russian, African and American forests and steppes. There are further objects in the zone: aviary-aquarium “The River Otters”, aviary with raccoons, African aviaries with servals and meerkats, aviaries with hystrix, squirrels, coatis and mongooses. Visitors and especially children literally cannot tear away from these aviaries.
Cylindrical aquarium at the beginning of the exposition "Forests and steppes"
The freshwater aquarium in the exposition “Forests and steppes”The freshwater aquarium in the exposition “Forests and steppes”
Aviaries in the exposition “Forests and steppes”Reptiles in the exposition “Forests and steppes”

There is also giant aquarium with nymphaeas (water lilies) and great cascade of large open freshwater aquariums “The fishes of Russia”. In the unique fish collection, which was enthusiastically collected by curator of Voronezh oceanarium V.I.Butsay, there are almost 20 species of sturgeon, large European  catfishes, grass and common carps and so on. Dry diorama over this aquarium complex with huge sturgeons and carps realistically recreates a fishing steading with a porch right by the river, a water mill wheel and fishing nets.

The serval in the exposition “Forests and steppes”
The aquarium complex in the exposition “Forests and steppes”The aquarium complex in the exposition “Forests and steppes”
The aquarium complex in the exposition “Forests and steppes”The aviary of meerkats in the exposition “Forests and steppes”

Exposition "Polar Waters"

In the second thematic zone “Polar waters” the harsh nature of the northern seas is recreated. A spacious aviary of north fur seals with living compartment and seal shows compartment meets guests at the very beginning, the tribunes for visitors stand opposite to it. Near it there is a huge aviary for penguins. We await arrival of Humboldt penguins or South African black-footed penguins. At the zone with aviaries for seals, penguins and monkeys we constructed windows in the walls for natural insolation, such necessary for animals. The big aquarium with wave machine is decorated with painting on the wall – Far Eastern landscape with the mountain river and decorations with a steaming Kamchatka geyser and a creek breaking from a rock. The great amount of trout lives in the aquarium, especially unique golden trout. 

The aviary of north fur seals in the exposition “Polar waters”
The aviary of north fur seals with seal shows compartment in the exposition “Polar waters”The aviary of penguins in the exposition “Polar waters”
The open trout aquarium with wave machine in the exposition “Polar waters”The wildlife corner in the exposition “Polar waters”

In the “Polar waters” zone the annular aquarium, unique for Russia and the CIS, dominates visually, being located at the podium in the form of frozen rock formations. Usually in the annular or cylindrical aquariums sea gregarious fish seems spectacular. However, seasonality of the capture, big waste, difficulty of delivery and maintenance herring fishes cost pretty expensive. Only few oceanariums can afford to exhibit such aquariums in their whole splendor. In the Voronezh oceanarium we managed to realize the concept of spectacular annular movement of gregarious fish, not yielding to world leaders in visual effect, but using relatively modest means. The usual young peled from the ordinary Nizhny Novgorod fish farm has been put into the cold-water annular aquarium.

In the “Polar waters” exposition the annular aquarium, unique for Russia and the CIS, dominates visually
The sea urchin in the exposition “Polar waters”King crabs in the exposition “Polar waters”
The king crabThe Giant Pacific octopus in the exposition “Polar waters”

Silver pelad perfectly harmonize with light “polar” interior decoration. At the same time pelad moves in the aquarium not chaotically, but moves around in the circle by a flock. Such coordinated pelad movement is regulated by creation of annular water flow and natural reoreaction of pelagic fishes. Especially spectacular the aquarium with the flow of fish looks from the inside. We hope our experience will be useful for other oceanariums. Though, these aren’t all surprises of “Polar waters” zone. King crabs settle in one of the two last sea aquariums, in another – the pride of the oceanarium, 9-kilogramms giant Pacific octopus from Japan. The “Polar waters” zone will replenish with new 20-cubes aquarium “Japanese sea” soon.

Exposition "Jungle" 

The tropical zone “Jungles” begins with the aviary where we surprisingly managed to combine deserted fennec foxes with lemurs. These pretty animals perfectly live together and are especially loved by children. Then there is a bunch of aquaterrariums unique by beauty and species composition. The pride of the collection is an alligator snapping turtle that lives in the water space of the aviary and a huge and very beautiful iguana that lives in the terrestrial space. In the next aviary, equipped with water and terrestrial zones, a giant anaconda, a python and a monitor lizard live.
The aviary with alligator snapping turtle and iguanas in the “Jungle” exposition
The aviary with deserted fennec foxes and lemurs in the “Jungle” expositionThe aviary with alligator snapping turtle and iguanas in the “Jungle” exposition
The aviary with a giant anaconda, a python and a monitor lizard in the exposition “Jungle”In this picture the body of a snake seems to bifurcate, reflecting from the water surface as from the mirror

Further on the route the visitors can see a giant baobab, around which there are a number of large open tropical aquariums. At the same place two cylindrical aquariums connect the arc open aquariums into one, like the watchtowers of the fortress wall. A similar exposition of the Dubai oceanarium inspired such a decision of the customer. Our engineers had to hardly work to glue together surfaces, different in geometrical form, closely without gaps and using of silicone with the glue “Acrifix”. Here, in these aquariums, famous zoologist V. Butsay collected a unique collection of freshwater tropical fishes. Here is an aquarium with piranhas, at the bottom of which the waxwork of picked cow skeleton, aquariums with big knifefishes, catfishes, electric eels, large bala sharks and even American paddlefishes. All these aquariums locate around the giant banyan, decorated in jungles theme, and look magnificently.  
The complex of the arc open aquariums with two cylindrical aquariums – “the watchtowers” – in the exposition “Jungle”
The complex of the arc open aquariums with two cylindrical aquariums – “the watchtowers” – in the exposition “Jungle”The aquarium with piranhas and “picked cow skeleton” in the exposition “Jungle”
The aquarium with paddlefish in the exposition “Jungle”The aquarium with large bala sharks in the exposition “Jungle”

Opposite to this aquarium complex there are dry aviaries. The first spacious aviary gives home for arboreal monkey mangabeys, the second one – for long-tailed macaques. Then, there is an aviary with white-nose marmosets, very beautiful aquaterrarium with spectacled caimans and an aviary with tropical parrots, blue-and-gold macaws and cockatoos.   

The aviary with the arboreal monkey mangabeys in the exposition “Jungle”
The aviary with long-tailed macaques in the exposition “Jungle”The aquaterrarium with spectacled caimans in the exposition “Jungle”
The aquaterrarium with spectacled caimans in the exposition “Jungle”In the “Jungle” exposition

The “Jungles” zone ends with the unique open aquarium with large arapaimas (more than 1 meter length), big catfishes and paku. The original decoration of the exposition includes a wing and other parts of the fallen airplane of Indiana Jones. At the lateral sides of the aquarium, in the insectariums, decorated as hollows, real poisonous spiders friendly meet visitors. Next, there are small aquariums with selective discus, a terrarium with turtle mata-mata, aquariums with live mangroves, mudskippers and characin fishes.  

The aquarium with large arapaimas, catfishes and pacus in the exposition “Jungle”
The insectarium in the hollow of the tree between the aquariums with arapaimas and discusThe arapaimas in the exposition “Jungle”
The catfishes in the exposition “Jungle”The freshwater aquarium in the exposition “Jungle”

Exposition "Seas and Oceans" 

The biggest sea aquarium with a capacity of 370 m2, with sight glasses and two acrylic tunnels, opens the fourth exposition “Seas and oceans”, where are collected about 40 species of the most impressive representative species of tropical ocean fish: sharks, stingrays, barracudas, muraenas, marine angelfishes, surgeonfishes, epinephelus and triggerfishes. The decorations are made in the form of a sunken ship, entwined with tentacles of a giant octopus. Through the large window of the main aquarium and sitting on the tiered benches, it is easy for visitors to observe the feeding of sharks, which is carried by drivers at the certain time especially for the public.

The exposition “Seas and oceans” starts with open aquarium with bright tropical fishes from the coral reef
In “the hold of the sunken ship”The large window and a tunnel of the main ocean aquarium in the exposition “Seas and oceans”
The decorations of the main ocean aquarium are made in the form of a sunken ship, entwined with tentacles of a giant octopusThrough the large window of the main aquarium it is easy for visitors to observe the feeding of sharks
Through the large window of the main aquarium it is easy for visitors to observe the feeding of sharks

At the exit of the main tank in the hall of seas and oceans there are two big open sea aquariums with dry tropic decoration. One of them contains bottom sharks and stingrays, the other contains butterflyfishes, other tropical fishes and live corals. Also, there is a cylindrical aquarium with lionfishes in the center of the hall and three relatively small aquariums with sea hydrobionts near the wall. 

In the tunnel of the main ocean aquarium of the exposition “Seas and oceans”In the main aquarium there are collected about 40 species of the most impressive representative species of tropical ocean fish
The cylindrical aquarium with lionfishes in the exposition “Seas and oceans”The tropical species of fish in the exposition “Seas and oceans”

The queue to the Voronezh Oceanarium
Especially popular among visitors of the Oceanarium are aviaries and aquariums with animals such as meerkats, mangabeys and sharks. Near these exposures there is a constant accumulation of people and it is here where enthusiastic exclamations and laughter are heard. It gives us possibility to assume that an oceanarium in the raw, showing only habitats of water environment, is less interesting than an oceanarium-exotarium which gives us a chance to see and become acquainted with different animals lived at our Earth. Anyway, the queue to the Voronezh Oceanarium is more eloquent than any words.